Setting out and using quotations

Every in-text citation should also correspond to a full reference at the end of your paper. When you quote text that itself contains another quote, this is called a nested quotation or a quote within a quote. It may occur, for example, when quoting dialogue from a novel. OSCOLA originated from Oxford University and is used for Law or Law-related disciplines. Since it was derived at a British University, it tends to follow British-English punctuation conventions. Wallace-Wells argues that ‘It is human action that will determine the climate of the future, not systems beyond our control’ (p.56).

It goes without saying (but we’ll say it anyway) that there’s a certain formality that comes with academic writing. quote introduction sentence starters But formal academic writing can be much more subtle than this, and as we’ve mentioned above, requires great skill.

When giving evidence

It also depends on whether there are parentheses at the end of the sentence or not. As mentioned, the precise method for quoting another person’s work will depend on the reference style you are using. Since Harvard is the most common referencing style in the UK, let’s begin there. Page numbers – If you are citing someone else’s ideas verbatim (word-for-word), you should cite the page number.

  1. When you’re referring to secondary sources such as scholarly books and journal articles, try to put others’ ideas in your own words when possible.
  2. Information which is not directly relevant to your discussion but worthy of inclusion for follow-up purposes should be placed in the appendices.
  3. This will allow you to progressively go into more detail on each of the smaller arguments – one of the keys to a good essay.
  4. Although several poems in Douglas Dunn’s second collection explore longer forms .
  5. Quotation is used more commonly in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences than in Natural and Health Sciences.

Historian Edith Hall explains how ancient Greek and Roman texts were recorded on papyrus, which was «extremely vulnerable to wear and tear» . You can find more examples of APA and MLA in-text citations below. You emphasize an author’s opinion and don’t want to misrepresent their ideas.

Signalling a quotation

Quotations are aimed to be unique hence should be easily differentiated from your text. Therefore, they’re not fully enclosed in quotation marks but easily signal that the used words are directly cited from a source. The entire text block is indented 0.5″ as the indentation of a new paragraph.

  1. Some lecturers who set scientific or practical reports may require a slightly different format.
  2. If the direct quote appears toward the end of your sentence, you can use a comma before the quote to connect it to your words.
  3. Long quotes should only be used if you are planning to analyse the text in some detail.
  4. On the flipside, if your introduction comes across as vague or ill-defined, then the reader will walk into your essay lacking confidence in what is to follow.
  5. Though it’s the first paragraph anyone will read, we recommend that your introduction be one of the last things you write when finalizing your essay.
  6. You can use single inverted commas ‘ ’ or double quotation marks “ ” to punctuate the quotation.

This is called a nested quotation or a quote within a quote. How to Avoid Plagiarism | Tips on Citing Sources Avoid plagiarism by keeping track of the sources you use, quoting or paraphrasing them properly, and citing them correctly. Shona has a bachelor’s and two master’s degrees, so she’s an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. If you want to cite an indirect source (one you’ve only seen quoted in another source), either locate the original source or use the phrase ‘as cited in’ in your citation.

Direct quotations can support your arguments and back up your work, but you need to show who said them

It has been said that ‘It is human action that will determine the climate of the future, not systems beyond our control’ (Wallace-Wells, 2019, p.56). For more guidance on your learning, book a one-to-one tutorial with one of our tutors or visit our website for more activities and resources. Find out how to integrate quotations purposefully and smoothly into your writing. This page explains how University College Birmingham ensures that all work undertaken and examinations sat by our students are considered fairly. Arising where work submitted by a student is not their own, but has been taken from another source. We are committed to providing an inclusive learning environment, and our disability support team are here to advise and provide assistance throughout your studies. It is important that all UCB referencing conventions are followed.

These essay words are a good choice to add a piece of information that agrees with an argument or fact you just what is considered a short essay mentioned. In academic writing, it is very relevant to include points of view that concur with your opinion.

Setting out quotations

Being an enthusiastic, engaged reader helps you notice what moves other writers are making, how they follow (and break!) the rules, and structure of expository essay when writing is particularly effective. Within or around your thesis statement, you can provide a roadmap of your essay’s structure.

how to start a quote in an essay

For more on how to write a good thesis statement, check out our guide. I am a medical student, and I have to write an essay about cancer.

How do you cite direct quotes in APA?

But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grind- stone, Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and solitary as an oyster. This method allows you to use quotations in a precise way and select evidence carefully. When citing in APA style, you will NOT need to include any type of locator if a page number is not available. Historian Edith Hall explains how ancient Greek and Roman texts were recorded on papyrus, which was «extremely vulnerable to wear and tear» (p. 4). Most ancient Greek and Roman texts were recorded on papyrus, which was «extremely vulnerable to rotting and wear and tear» (Hall, 2015, p. 4).

Whatever your subject or topic, we can help by providing the support you need. Block quotations are meant to be used when the style or wording is significant to the authors context.

Introduction to punctuating quotations in an essay

This is especially helpful in longer papers, as it forecasts how your argument will unfold in the coming pages. When writing about a specific genre of literature or film, orient the reader to the key aspects of that genre, perhaps with a succinct quote from a scholar summarizing the genre’s core elements.

how to start a quote in an essay

I should define punctuation as being governed two-thirds by rule and one-third by personal taste. No punctuation should be used if it’s not doing any work. Concluding words for essays are necessary to wrap up your argument.

How to quote in Harvard style

Read a section, a few pages, a chapter, close the book or journal or website and then open your notebook or essay. If you have thoroughly profile essay outline understood what you have read, you will have less difficulty expressing it in your own words without referring to the original text.

  1. Simply put, a block quote is termed as a quotation that is set on another line, then properly indented to create a new block of text.
  2. Unfortunately, the uneducated owners of the books decided to conceal them as if they were gold or coins, in a dug-out trench.
  3. Presenting this in your assignment shows your understanding of the source texts and demonstrates that you can select and deselect information as appropriate.
  4. These instructions aim to ensure that all work you submit will be presented in a professional and consistent manner.
  5. Direct quotes are important for supporting and emphasizing specific points in an essay.
  6. APA style is similar to Harvard style, though there are a few important differences, particularly in relation to the type of quotation marks used.

In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in brackets after the quote. If re-phrasing the quote would change the meaning and/or significantly lessen its impact, it’s acceptable to use the quote as it is. If you are in any doubt, this excellent guide provides an overview of how to quote according to OSCOLA style (p. 8-9). This how to end an essay example is what it means to live beyond “the end of nature” – that it is human action that will determine the climate of the future, not systems beyond our control. Often, students wonder whether they should put the full-stop inside or outside of the closing quotation mark. This depends on whether the full-stop is part of the quotation or not.

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